Also a municipality directly
under the Central Government, Chongqing is the largest
industrial and commercial center in southwest China, and
a hub of land and water transportation in the upper Yangtze
valley, with an urban population of 6.35 million. Chongqing
is a comprehensive industrial city, with advanced iron
and steel, chemicals, electric power, automobile manufacturing,
machine-building, shipbuilding, construction materials,
textiles, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals industries.
Chongqing -- City of Hills, Fog
and Spicy Food
in Dazu County
Loquat Hill Park
South Hot Spring Park
North Hot Spring Park
Red Cloud Hill (Jinyunshan)
Red Crag Memorial
At present, Chongqing is the biggest municipality in terms
of area and population in China. This beautiful mountain
city is located at the juncture of the Yangtze River and
Jialing River in the southeast of China's Sichuan Basin,
between 105º 17'-110º 1' east longitude and
28º 0'-32º 3' north latitude. It is 470 kilometers
from east to west and 450 kilometers from north to south,
neighboring Hubei and Hunan provinces in the east, Guizhou
province in the south, Sichuan province in the west and
Shanxi province in the north. The whole terrain slopes
down to the Yangtze River valley from south to north,
and is therefore quite undulating. In the northwest and
central parts are mainly hills. In the southeast are Dabashan
and Wulingshan mountains. Because the city is just erected
in the mountains, Chongqing is called "mountain city".
There are about 80 rivers flowing through Chongqing. The
major rivers are the Yangtze River, Jialing River, Wujiang
River, Fujiang River, Qijiang River and Daninghe River.
Chongqing belongs to sub-tropical monsoon climate. The
features are warm winter, hot summer, early spring and
short autumn. Annual average temperature is around 19.2ºC
The average lowest temperature is 6-8ºC in winter.
The average highest temperature is 27-38ºC in summer
and the extreme temperature can reach as high as 43.8ºC.
Hence it had got the name of “furnace city”.
monsoon concentrates in summertime. The annual average
rainfall is 1000-1100mm. There is plenty of night rain
in summer, hence the saying “Ba mountains’
night rain”. Chongqing is also called “foggy
city”. There is much fog from the end of autumn
to early spring with at least 68 foggy days a year. Chongqing
is also one of the cities with shortest sunshine time
in China. The annual sunshine time is 941.9 hours.
Three trunk lines (Chengdu-Chongqing Railway, Changsha-Chongqing
Railway and Chengdu-Guizhou Railway) and five feeder railways,
totaling 537 km in Chongqing.
Five national highways and 17 provincial highways, with
traffic mileage totaling 27,200 km in Chongqing.
Dozens of ports and passenger and freight docks have been
established along the Yangtze River to facilitate water
transportation business from Chongqing to Shanghai and
even to overseas countries. The total length of water
transportation in Chongqing is more than 4,000 km. After
the completion of the Three Gorges water conservation
project, ships of over 10,000 tons will be able to reach
A national Grade 1 civilian airport in Chongqing has opened
over 50 domestic and international flights. Two more airports,
Wuqiao at Wanzhou and Zhoubai at Qiangjiang, are under