Fujian Province on the south-
eastern coast faces Taiwan Province across the Taiwan
Straits. It has an area of more than 120,000 square kilometers.
Of its 25.18 million people, 12 per cent live in the cities
and 88 per cent in the rural areas -- mostly concentrated
in the coastal regions. The home province of many overseas
Chinese, Fujian has been authorized to adopt special policies
and flexible measures in its foreign economic activities
under a decision made by the Communist Party Central Committee
and the State Council in 1979.
Fuzhou -- City of Banyans
Quanzhou -- City of Coral Trees
Zhangzhou -- Ancient Port City
Xiamen -- Egret Island
Wuyi Mountain -- Scenic Wonder
Fujian has the highest elevation among the coastal provinces,
its mountains and hills 90 per cent of its total land
mass. The general outline of its topography is a staircase
descending from the northwest to the southeast seaboard.
Its principal mountains run in a northeast-southwest direction.
The Wuyi Mountains straddle the Fujian-Jiangxi border
in the west. Most of the ranges in its central part run
parallel with each other, including the Jiufeng, Daiyun
and Bopingling mountains. There are long, narrow plains
along the coast. Its rugged, 3,300-kilometre-long coastline
has many harbors and offshore islands, the better-known
being Pingtan, Xiamen, Dongshan, Jinmen and Mazu.
rivers flow short distances--each with its own outlet
to the sea--through the mountains where there are treacherous
gorges and rapids. Among its numerous rivers, the better-known
are the Minjiang, Jiulong, Jinjiang and Tingjiang. The
Minjiang, the largest of them all, drains half of the
Fujian has a sub-tropical climate, warm and humid. There
is marked difference in climate between north and south,
coastal and inland regions, and valleys and mountains.
It has a mean annual temperature of 17ºC-21ºC.
and a mean annual precipitation of 1,100-2,000 mm., both
increasing from northwest to southeast. Typhoons occur
frequently from July to September.
communications were inconvenient in Fujian in the old
days, and there were no rail lines there. Fujian now has
the Yingtan-Xiamen, Waiyang-Fuzhou, Zhangping-Longyan,
Meishuikeng-Fude and Fuzhou-Mawei railways totaling 1,009
kilometers, and a highway mileage of more than 30,000
kilometers. Its fine harbors include Xiamen, Mawei in
Fuzhou, Quanzhou and Sanduao in Ningde. The Minjiang is
the major inland navigation channel.