Formerly a province Guangxi
was set up as an autonomous region iii 1958. Situated
on the southern border with the Beibu Bay of the South
China Sea in the south, it covers an area of more than
230,000 square kilometers, of which 70 per cent are mountains,
20 per cent rivers and 10 per cent farmland.
mountains make up more than two-thirds of the region's
total area. Guangxi has a population of 34.7 million,
of which 11 per cent live in the cities. The Zhuangs are
the most numerous of China's minority nationalities, and
it is in Guangxi that more than 90 per cent of them (11.6
million) live. Other nationalities of the region include
the Hen (21.6 million), Yao, Miao, Dong, Mulam, Maonan,
Hui, Kinh, Yi, Shut and Gelo.
Guilin -- City of Landscapes
Liuzhou -- City of the Dragons
Nanning -- City of Flowers and Fruit
Guangxi is known for its picturesque mountains and rivers.
High on four sides and low in the middle, it is called
the Guangxi Basin topographically. Its northwestern portion
is part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau and its northern
portion is locked in the Jiuwandashan, Damiao and Tianping
mountains. The northeastern portion is part of the Nanling
Mountain Area, comprising the Yuechengling, Haiyang, Dupangling
and Mengzhuling ranges which extend southwestward parallel
to each other. In the south are the Yunkaidashan, Liuwandashan,
Shiwandashan and Daqingshan mountains. Most of the mountains
are 1,000-1,500 meters above sea level. In the Guangxi
Basin, there is an arc-shaped range, of which the highest
mountain chain is the Dayao Mountains. The central part
of the basin contains vast areas of flatland with fertile
soil and is the major grain and sugar-cane grower of the
region. The southern half also contains wide areas of
hilly land interspersed with orchards and rice fields.
Limestone predominates over more than half of Guangxi.
The Guilin-Yangshuo area has a karst topography where
the age-old erosion of the limestone has given shape to
numerous exotic pinnacles and spires, bizarre sink-holes
and caverns, and picturesque hills and subterranean streams.
As a popular saying goes, "The landscape of Guilin
is unmatched throughout the land, but even more beautiful
than the scenery of Guilin is that of Yangshuo."
are numerous rivers with large volumes of flow. The Zhujiang
river system drains 85 per cent of Guangxi’s total
area. Its trunk streams consist of the Nanpan, Hongshui,
Qianjiang and Xunjiang and its principal branch streams
are the Yujiang, Liujiang and Guijiang.
Crossed by the Tropic of Cancer in the central part, Guangxi
has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate with long summers
and warm winters, plentiful rainfall, and frequent rainstorms
and typhoons in summer and autumn. It has a mean annual
temperature of 17-23ºC, increasing from north to
south, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,250-2,700
the end of 1999, the total rail line on operation had
stretched to 3,120 km.
By the end of 1999, the total highways open to traffic
was as long as 51,378 km.
Guangxi has a coastline stretching for 1,595km, along
which 21 sea ports have been established, including 18
large-capacity and deep-water berths. Guangxi is believed
to be the best place in south China to do sea transportation
because of its geographical location.
By the end of 1998, Guangxi had build five airports respectively
in Nanning, Beihai, Liuzhou and Wuzhou, which link with
109 air routes (including 99 domestic, five regional and
international ones) operated by 12 airlines.