Jiangling County -- Ancient Commercial
Wuhan -- City on Rivers
Xiangfan -- Twin City Metropolis
Yichang -- An Entrepot on the
mountains in the west, north and east and low, humid plains
in the central south, Hubei is like a basin of a slightly
irregular shape which can be divided into four topographical
zones: 1) The Jianghan Plain in the central south forms
part of the Lianghu Plain together with the Dongting Lake
Plain of Hunan Province. Low and flat and crisscrossed
by rivers and lakes, it is the major farming area of the
province. 2) The Western Hubei Mountain Area includes
the Wudang, Jingshan, Daba and Wushan mountains. Its main
peak, the 3,053-metre Dashennongjia, is the highest peak
in central China. A primeval forest area known as the
"green treasure-house," it teems with animal
and plant life. The spectacular Three Gorges, formed as
the Yangtze River cuts through the Wushan Mountains, offer
wide prospects for hydroelectric power and are the key
water transport artery to Sichuan. Under construction
here is the gigantic Gezhouba key water conservancy project.
3) The Northeastern Hubei Hilly Area on the Hubei-Henan-Anhui
border consists mainly of the Tongbai and Dabie ranges
and is the watershed of the Huaihe and Changjiang rivers.
4) The Southeastern Hubei Hilly Area includes the northern
sloping foothills of the Mufu Mountains.
are more than 1,000 rivers in Hubei. The Changjiang River
serves as the backbone into which its tributaries flow
from two directions to form the single Yantze River, system.
The section of the Yangtze from Zhijiang to Chenglingji,
known as the Jingjiang River, follows a zigzag course.
The Hanshui is the longest tributary of the Yangtze River.
Hubei has more lakes than any other province with most
of them in the Jianghan Plain. The best-known lakes are
Honghu, Liangzi and Changhu.
has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate, with distinct contrast
between the eastern plain and the western mountain area.
It has a mean annual temperature of 15ºC-17ºC
and sticky weather in the height of summer. With its absolute
maximum temperature exceeding 40?, Wuhan is one of the
hottest places in China. The mean annual precipitation
increases from 800 mm. in the northwest to 1,500 mm. or
more in the southeast.
Hubei has always been the country's key junction of land
and water transport systems. It has an inland navigation
route of 10,700 kilometers in which the Yangtze River,
its main artery, connects Hubei with Sichuan in the west
and Shanghai in the east and is navigable by 10,000-ton-class
ships from Wuhan down in the high-water season. The Hanshui
is its second trunk shipping line. Hubei is linked with
the northern and southern regions by the Beijing-Guangzhou,
Jiaozuo-Liuzhou and Xiangfan-Chongqing railways. Its provincial
lines include the Hankou-Danjiang and Wuchang- Huangshi
railways. Its province-wide highway network (36,000 kilometers
in total length) brings most of its rural people's communes
within the reach of public buses.