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China World Cultural and Natural Heritage - Ancient Civilization
 
The Great Wall
Beijing Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian
Xian Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
Shandong Mount Taishan
Dunhuang Mogao Caves
Anhui Mount Huangshan
Yunnan Old Town of Lijiang
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Chengdu Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area
 
 
 
Ancient Cities and Towns
  Tongli Town in Jiangsu
Wuzhen Town in Zhejiang
Nanxun Town in Zhejiang
Pingyao Old City in Shanxi
Xidi Village in Anhui
Zhouzhuang in Jiangsu
Mudu Town in Jiangsu
Xitang Town in Zhejiang

 
Hight Attractions
Forbidden City
Yangtze River
Terra Cotta Warriors
Yunnan Stone Forest
Mt. Huangshan
Mogao Caves
Tashilhunpo Monastery
West Lake


Xidi and Hongcun Villages, Museums of Ming-Qing Architecture
 

The time-honored residential buildings of Yixian County, located at the foot of Mt. Huangshan, Anhui Province, have long been regarded as typical examples of Anhui-style architecture. There are 29 Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and 3,611 Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) residential buildings and family temples in the county. Decorated with the typical local style of brick, wood and stone, carvings, they display the ornateness and elegancy of the traditional 15th-16th century edifices, boasting historical and research value, as well as being tourist attractions. The most typical of these are the residential houses of Xidi Village and the paleo-ox-shaped Hongcun Village. They have been referred to as museum of Ming and Qing residential houses in China.

Xidi Village is located in the southeastern part of Yixian County and has over 300 simple, yet graceful, Ming and Qing dynasty residences, of which 124 are well preserved. The village streets and lanes with their original style remain as they have done for centuries, and the village has been praised by foreign architects as containing some of the best preserved old-time houses and as being one of the most beautiful villages in the world. Typical structures in Xidi include a pailou to the residence of the Qing prefectural governor Hu Wenguang, the Ruiyu Courtyard, the Taoli (peaches and plums) Garden, the Dafu Grand House (home of a senior official in feudal society), and Lingyun Tower.


 

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