Province -- China's leading apple producer and home of
Dalian, the nationally known fishery center -- in the
southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Huanghai
and Bohai seas in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers
long. It has a total area of more than 140,000 square
kilometers, of which 60 per cent are mountains, 10 per
cent rivers and 30 per cent farmland; and a population
of 34.87 million, of which 31.8 per cent are in the cities
and 68.2 per cent in the rural areas. Liaoning Province
is also the home of Anshan, the "Steel Capital"
Anshan -- Capital of Steel
-- Scenic Resort
Fushun -- City of Coal
-- Center of Industry
vast areas of flatland surrounded by mountains and seas,
Liaoning is high in the west and east and low in the middle
and the southern coastal areas. It consists of three topographical
zones: l) The Eastern Liaoning Tableland is mostly less
than 500 meters above sea level, with a few peaks exceeding
1,000 meters. The Liaodong Peninsula, which juts out between
the Huanghai and Bohai seas from the land mass, has a
zigzag coast and many rocky islands and fine natural harbors.
2) The Western Liaoning Tableland, an extension of the
Inner Mongolia Plateau, descends from west to east like
a staircase. The oblong coastal plain along the Bohai
Sea has since ancient times been an important passage
linking the regions north and south of the Great Wall.
3) The Liaohe Plain between the Eastern and Western Liaoning
tablelands is part of the Northeast Plain. Formed of the
alluvial of the Liaohe and its tributaries, it has a well-developed
Liaohe, the principal waterway of the province, flows
through the middle part of Liaoning from north to south.
The Yalu on the eastern fringe is the boundary river between
China and Korea.
has a temperate continental monsoonal climate, with a
hot, rainy summer; a long, cold winter with little snow
and a short, windy spring. It has a mean annual temperature
of 6-11ºC, a frost-free period of 130-180 days, and
a mean annual precipitation of 400-1,000 mm., which decreases
notably from southeast to northwest Liaoning has the highest
temperature and the greatest precipitation of any province
in northeast China.
With its railway mileage exceeding 4,000 kilometers, Liaoning
has the densest network of rail lines in the country.
Radiating from Shenyang are trunk lines such as the Beijing-Harbin,
Shenyang-Dalian, Shenyang-Jilin and Shenyang-Dandong railways.
Its 36,000 kilometers of highways lead to all parts of
the province. Its main ports include Dalian, Dandong and