the largest city in China and one of the four centrally
administered municipalities, is situated along the middle
of tile mainland coastline at the Yangtze River outlet
to the East China Sea. After the Opium War of 1840, Shanghai
was opened as a trade port to foreign powers which set
up their concessions there through concluding unequal
treaties with China. In the century or more that followed,
Shanghai became the largest base of imperialist aggression
in China, known in the West as an "adventurers' paradise".
A city with a glorious revolutionary record in modern
Chinese history, it was here that the Chinese Communist
Party was founded in July 1921.
has an area of 6,185 square kilometers, the city districts
covering 145 square kilometers and the suburban area 6,040
square kilometers. Over 11.46 million people live in Shanghai
-- 5.8 million in the city and the rest in the suburban
City God Temple (Chenghuangmiao)
Jade Buddha Temple (Yufosi)
Longhua Pagoda and Longhua Temple
Lu Xun's Old Residence, Lu Xun's Tomb, and Lu Xun Museum
Site of the First Congress of the Communist
Party of China
part of the Yangtze River Delta Plain, Shanghai (including
Chongming Island) has low, open terrain about four meters
above sea level crisscrossed by a maze of natural waterways
of the Taihu drainage basin. The Huangpu River and its
tributary, the Wusong (Suzhou Creek), which have their
headwaters in Taihu Lake, are the major waterways in Shanghai.
has a sub-tropical climate -- mild and humid with four
distinct seasons. It has a mean annual temperature of
15ºC -- the hottest month, August, averaging 28ºc.
and the coldest month, January, 3ºC -- and a mean
annual precipitation of 1,100 mm. It is often visited
by typhoons between summer and autumn.
Harbor is one of China's fine natural river-mouth harbors.
Situated in the middle of the north-south shipping route
along the mainland coast, it can accommodate 10,000-ton-class
ships in all four seasons and has trade ties with the
harbors of more than 100 countries and regions in the
world. Shanghai has inland navigation lines in the Changjiang,
Huangpu and Wusong rivers. As one of China's communication
centers, it is also linked with the national rail network
by the Beijing-Shanghai and Shanghai-Hangzhou railways,
and with many cities in the country by a web of domestic
airlines. It is connected by international airlines with
Tokyo, Osaka, Bombay, Athens, Geneva, Zurich and Karachi.