in China’s western hinterland, covers most of the
Sichuan Basin. Surrounded by mountains, it enjoys a mild
climate. Sichuan covers a vast area of 485,000 square
km, accounting for 5.1 percent of China's total area.
is high in the west and low in the east in terms of topography.
Generally speaking, the western part is plateaus and mountainous
regions some 4,000 meters above sea level while the east
features the basin and hilly land with an elevation between
1,000 and 3,000 meters. The Sichuan Basin, covering an
area of 165,000 square km, is one of the four largest
in the country. The elevation within the basin is between
200 and 750 meters, sloping down from north to south.
Huang Long Valley
Jiuzhaigou -- Nine-Village Valley
Leshan -- Home of World's Largest
Stone Buddha Statue
Mount Emei -- Sea of Clouds
Mt. Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan
The Taoping Stronghold
Wangjiang Tower Park
Yangtze River Gorges -- Unforgettable
can be divided into two major topographical parts, the
Sichuan Basin and the Western Sichuan Plateau. 1) The
Sichuan Basin, also called the Purple Basin or Red Basin,
is one of the larger basins in China. Rising 1,000-3,000
meters above sea level, it is enclosed on four sides by
the Daliang, Qionglai, Minshan, Daba and Wushan mountains
and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. It consists of three parts:
the parallel valleylands in the east, the hilly areas
in the middle and the Chengdu Plain in the west. Formed
by alluvial deposits from the Minjiang and its tributaries,
the Chengdu Plain is the largest in southwest China and
the major farming area in Sichuan. With a warm climate,
fertile soil and the Dujiangyan irrigation system, it
is also one of the country's most affluent regions. The
scenic, majestic Emei Mountain on its southwestern fringe
is one of the best-known mountains in China. 2) The Western
Sichuan Plateau, exceeding 3,000 meters in elevation in
most parts, consists of numerous canyons ranged vertically
side by side and rows upon rows of snow mountains. The
northern section of it is part of the main body of the
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the southern section is the
northern stem of the Hengduan Mountains.
has more than 1,300 rivers, practically all in the Yangtze
River system. The Yangtze River has five major tributaries
in Sichuan -- the Yalong, Minjiang, Tuojiang, Jialing
and Qianjiang. Many of the rivers in Sichuan flow rapidly
between hills, mountains and gorges, making it the number
one province in hydroelectric power potentials.
climate in Sichuan is vastly different between its eastern
and western parts. 1) The Sichuan Basin has a humid sub-tropical
monsoonal climate, with mild winters, hot summers, long
frost-free period, plentiful rainfall and mist, high humidity,
and less sunshine. Its average temperature in July, the
hottest month, is 27ºC. 2) The Western Sichuan Plateau
with its plateau climate has lower temperature and less
rainfall than the Sichuan Basin, both of which differ
again in the southern and northern sections of the plateau.
trunk lines including the Chengdu-Chongqing Railway, Chengdu-Kunming
Railway and Baoji-Chengdu Railway, eight feeders and four
local railway lines, with the mileage open to traffic
reaching 2,693 km.
The mileage of highways has reached 81,600 km. An expressway
network with Chengdu, capital of the province, at the
center, is taking shape. By the end of 1998, a total of
328 km of expressway had opened to traffic.
The Chengdu Shuangliu Airport has become one of the busiest
international airports in China. Another five civil airports
at Dachuan, Yibin, Luzhou, Xichuang and Nanchong have
also been open to traffic.