Province -- "the land of silk" which produces
one-third of the country's raw silk, brocade and satin--
lies on the southeastern coast with an area of more than
100,000 square kilometers and a coastline 2,200 kilometers
long. It has a population of 38.27 million, of which 3.81
million, or 9.9 per cent of the total, live in the cities.
The province is named after its largest river, now known
as the Qiantang.
Hangzhou -- 'Paradise on Earth'
Nanxun Old Town
Ningbo -- Ancient Seaport
Nanxi River Scenic
Shaoxing -- City of Rivers
Xitang Old Town
Yandang Mountain -- Captivating Grandeur
and mountains make up 70.4 per cent of Zhejiang's total
area, plains 23.2 per cent and rivers and lakes 6.4 per
cent. Sloping from southwest to northeast, it covers two
topographical zones. 1) The northern part consists of
the Hangjia Plain north of Hangzhou Bay and the Ningshao
Plain south of it. With low, flat terrain, numerous waterways
and fertile soil, this area produces grain and silk. 2)
The hills and mountains in the west and south make up
the greater part of the province. The Tianmu and Longmen
mountains in the west are an important bamboo and tea
growing region, while the Guiji, Siming and Tiantai mountains
in the east with their many small intermontane basins
are a grain-producing region. The scenic, tree-covered
Xianxia, Donggong, Yandang and Kuocang mountains in the
south are interspersed with the small Huangyan and Wenzhou
plains. The central part of the province consists of the
Jinhua, Quxian, Dongyang and Pujiang basins, which are
drained by the middle-upper Qiantang River and its tributaries
and have a large concentration of farmland. Zhejiang is
the province with the largest number of offshore islands.
Of the 2,000 islands, the best- known is the Zhoushan
Archipelago. Strewn along its zigzag coastline are many
harbours and bays, notably Hangzhou Bay, Xiangshan Harbour,
Sanmen Bay and Wenzhou Bay.
has eight major rivers. They are, from north to south,
the Tiaoxi, Qiantang, Caoe, Yongjiang, Lingjiang, Oujiang,
Feiyun and Aojiang, the largest being the Qiantang. Of
its few lakes, the better-known are West Lake at Hangzhou
and South Lake at Jiaxing.
has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate, warm, humid and
rainy. It has a mean annual temperature of 150-18ºC,
decreasing from south to north, and a mean annual precipitation
of 1,200-1,800 mm. "Plum rains" occur between
May and June and typhoons between summer and autumn.
has four trunk rail lines handling the bulk of its transport:
the Shanghai-Hangzhou, Zhejiang-Jiangxi, Xiaoshan-Ningbe
and Hangzhou-Changxing raihvays, and a highway mileage
of 20,574 kilometers. Its inland navigation is convenient
in the coastal plains in the north and east. Its maritime
transport is also developed, the main ports being Ningbo,
Wenzhou, Haimen and Dinghai.